Don’t be discouraged dear farmers.

I am referring to the chicken farmers who have less than 20 birds . since it’s not economically viable to spend on drugs and expensive feeds for these few birds you must not be discouraged or think of giving up just because you have may be 3 or 4 birds.
It’s not a must that you spend alot of money on feeds and drugs for your birds. You can still nurture your few birds and watch your flock grow slowly to that figure where you can look back and say”I have come this far by the Grace of The Almighty”
What you must do is to build a nice inexpensive coup for your chicken and make sure it’s well ventilated to allow fresh air,but sufficiently covered to shield from winds,hot sun,rain water and predators.as long as you keep your chicken clean and dry,feed them with a available feed supplemented with greens,give them clean water to drink and clean the drinkers every day you will find that your chicken will remain healthy. And don’t let them out to go and mix with others ,they might get sick..
If you do that you will be able to grow your flock without having to depend on drugs.


Taking care of cockrels.

The cockrels need to be well fed just like the layers to ensure a healthy flock. I make sure they are well fed and kept clean and dry away from the hens at the early age of 4 months to prevent uncontrolled mating.

Cockrels are quite a challenge for the farmer especially in relationship to in-house breeding and serious cockfights.To minimise the fights I make sure to bring them up together until the mating time when I start to select the one to give to a particular hen. I put them together so no other will have access to them.

When you have many cockrels and hens it will be quite difficult to tell exactly how much inbreading has taken place until when you begin to notice your breed getting weaker,smaller, and any other tell tales of the situation.

To try and keep in step with this I put all the jogoos in one place(read one chamber) from when they are young so the fights will be minimal. This is to make sure that I am able to control which jogoo serves which hen for a laying period of one month.

Then I substitute the jogoo with another and this one goes to rest or to a different hen. This way I am able to reduce the chances of a jogoo mating with his first generation child just to ensure a good quality herd is maitained. If I have about 5 jogoos and say 5 hens then it will take a while before I exhaust my capacity for manouevre and start sourcing from outside.


Care for the young chicks.

the Young chicks from day one need to be well cared for. Before they are hatched the farmer must prepare for their arrival.

Brooder provides a warmth,keeps chicks dry and clean for 10 to 14 days.

A shelter must be provided made of available materials to keep cost minimal. There must be enough ventilation while at the same time keeping away direct air droughts and winds.Also direct sunlight must not enter the chicks house aka brooder. The place must be clean and disinfected in advance with suitable chick friendly disinfectant. That place must be kept dry from liquid spills and feed provided in an appropriate feeder and a water drinker also conveniently placed.

After 7 days the chicks should be immunized for gumboro and after 14 days they are immunized for Newcastle.

After 14 days the chicks will be moved to a more spacious housing that will house them for another 2 to 3 months.

During this period be the chicks are fed with growers mash or kienyenji dependent on the farmers preference and pocket. The immunization should be repeated on the third and fourth week respectively.

The chicken will feed on the growers/kienyenji until they are four and half months when the diet should be mixed with layers so that at five and half months they will be on layers mash.